Efficient, inexpensive treatment for produced water.

CarboNet chemistry removes make-down: eliminating equipment, chemical, and water expenses while cutting OPEX, HS&E incidents, and emissions.

For frac sake.

Fracking, like much of O&G, operates in remote locations with little access to water and crews that are spread thin managing and monitoring make-down over dozens of sites.

Why it matters: Producers who rely on make-down rely on vast quantities of water to mix PAM, and the constant attention of crews who are forced to juggle wonky equipment, outmoded chemicals, and inconsistent dosing.

  • Water woes: Despite producing enormous amounts of effluent water from fracking, producers rely on freshwater for make-down: a process that’s time-consuming and, given water scarcity and remote oil fields, expensive to obtain and ship.
  • Make-down breakdown: PAM is an outmoded chemical with weak bonds that requires constant babysitting to ensure semi-consistent flocs, a process that often runs foul and leads to overtime, gummed up equipment, malfunctions, and NPT.

CarboNet’s SimpleFloc removes make-down and the associated costs and headaches:

  • Requires no make-down and plugs directly into your lines, eliminating the need for make-down equipment and maintenance.
  • Offers a forgiving dosage window so workers don’t have to babysit the pumps or experiment with complex dosing regimes.
  • Cuts PAM/polymer by up to 80%—a gain for the P&L and toxicity limits.
  • Acts quickly and produces consistent results, leading to predictable costs and reliable KPIs.
  • Cost-competitive with liquid emulsion flocculants, even at a 4:1 ratio.
  • Overall: reduces CAPEX, OPEX, HS&E incidents, and emissions—while improving your margins.

The bottom line: O&G operators need simple, inexpensive solutions to manage dozens of remote sites without having to truck-in expensive freshwater for make-down or worry about crews bunking up the system with inconsistent flocs. Removing make-down entirely dramatically changes treatment time, performance, and margins.

Reference project

New regulations required operators to recycle more water and dispose less, leading a major E&P in the Permian to overhaul their treatment.

New rules: New Mexico regulators tightened their water recycling requirements, forcing an E&P operating on 800,000 acres in the Permian to simultaneously increase the quality of its treated water while reducing its per barrel treatment cost.

  • Prior to the new regulations, the operator used a mix of oxidizer, coagulant, and flocculant to treat produced water—an expensive and complex scenario that struggled under the new regime.
  • The flocculant required make-down and created inconsistent flocs, forcing crews to babysit rigs, regularly caused mis-dosing of the other chemicals, and gumming up filters and presses.

Behind the scenes: CarboNet’s SimpleFloc, a no make-down flocculant adopted by operators in the Permian, was recommended as a solution.

SimpleFloc’s plug-and-play chemistry had the immediate effect of reducing costs while improving treatment:

  1. Coagulant reduced 90%
  2. Flocculant dosing cut 30%
  3. Oxidizer cut 50%


  1. Water for makedown was removed, reducing freshwater drawdown 20% (and cutting trucking costs and their associated emissions).
  2. Effluent quality was boosted, with sludge reduced by 50%.
  3. OPEX was greatly improved. With make-down removed, crew costs were cut 35%.
  4. Significantly less chemicals were introduced into the operating envelope, ensuring no permits were breached
  5. Crews enjoyed safer working conditions not having to deal with dry make-down dust or slips from emulsion slop

The bottom line: CarboNet chemistry shaved millions off the P&L and optimized an otherwise inefficient treatment process.



Landfill leachate



Win in Water

Water insecurity and regulations are coming for the P&L. CarboNet chemistry lowers CAPEX, OPEX, and emissions.